THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE INTERNET
The omnipresent, all-knowing (well! in principle.) and invisible god of our times that pervades all space (and vacuum too!) is the one that drives the wheel of the world forward in virtually every way. Meet ‘Internet’- the seed of information, and the ‘information’ itself!
Necessity is the mother of every invention but in the case of the internet, the mother was another landmark invention of the 19th century, the telegraph system of communication that harnessed the unseen power of the electromagnetic waves. In more than just one way, telegraph was the precursor and inspiration to the human thirst for a sprawling, yet organized system of communication media- the world where information and data could travel and ‘interact’, and in a sense ‘decide and detect’ their route and destination.
The history of internet holds its cradle in the 1950’s during the development of electronic computers. The first ever materialization of interconnected communication (bearing the flavour of internet as we know it today) occurred in the piece of conversation exchanged between the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) and Stanford Research Institute (SRI) in 1969. After that, there was no looking back and this labyrinth of the digital and electronic maze has slithered down into practically every commercial organization and household.
In October of 1972, Robert E. Kahn gave the first successful public demonstration of ARPANET- the first network technology to use the Internet Protocol. The term ‘internet’ was accommodated in the first RFC (Request for Comments- a series of notes on the internet) published on TCP/IP (Transmission Control Program/Internet Protocol) in 1974.
Widespread usage of LAN’s (Local Area Networks), personal computers and workstations in the 1980’s emboldened and expedited the burgeoning of the then fledgling internet. The rapid expansion of this unstoppable cyber bubble encountered book-keeping issues, which were then solved by Jon Postel, Paul Mockapetris and Craig Partridge through the creation of the DNS (Domain Name System) in 1983. With DNS, users could now type host names without having to tackle lengthy, numeric internet addresses.
In 1995, the FNC (Federal Networking Council) unanimously passed the resolution fixing the definition of the term ‘internet’. Bypassing the technical jargon, the quintessential meaning of the term was a global information system logically interconnected by globally unique host addresses obeying the Transmission Control Program/ Internet Protocol and furnishing public access to data.
The internet has swept the world with a digital revolution, the fingerprints of which are now visible in the way we perceive realities and differentiate them from falsehood and fantasy. It is not only a means of communication and information-sharing but also a platform to learn, live and grow.