When there’s a swollen vein on your anal canal, it is called haemorrhoids and this condition is common but can be very painful but not life threatening or serious. There are two types of haemorrhoids, the internal and external. Internal is when the swelling occurs inside the anal canal and it is external when the swelling is on the cavity of the anus. Many people suffer from this common condition and most of them can have it for some time when there is too much pressure or strain on the veins in the rectal and pelvic areas.

What causes hemorrhoids?

How To Get Rid Of Hemorrhoids
There is no exact known cause of symptomatic haemorrhoids but health experts believed that these factors may be contributory to haemorrhoids:

• Irregular bowel practice that may lead to constipation or diarrhea
• The absence or lack of exercise
• Low fiber diet
• Excessive intra-abdominal pressure that is caused by sustained straining or as a result of pregnancy
• Prolonged sitting
• Obesity
• Genetic
• Aging

Although the listed factors are considered by health practitioners and researchers, there is however no concrete evidence connecting them to be the exact causes of the condition. However, pregnant women usually experience hemoroid because the changes in their hormones and the pressure from the fetus on the abdomen causes the hemorrhoidal vessel to enlarge and giving birth to the baby makes women strain hard that increases the intra-abdominal pressure. Nevertheless, after pregnancy and delivery, hemmorhoid on women are usually resolved.

Diagnosis treatment and how to get rid of hemorrhoids

How To Get Rid Of Hemorrhoids
Physical examination is the common diagnosis for haemorrhoids. Physicians examine the anus and its surroundings to see if there were prolapsed haemorrhoids. The rectal exam will also determine if there were any rectal tumors polyps and abscess or enlarge prostate. Rectal examination also requires the patients to be sedated because of the pain of undergoing the process.

On internal haemorrhoids, doctors will perform anoscopy, an insertion of a tube-like device that is hollow and has a light at the end to enable examiner to visually confirm if there are internal haemorrhoids. (source:Wikipedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hemorrhoid)

Once you are diagnose to have haemorrhoids, there are few treatments that you have to undergo and do to get rid of the painful discomfort. Common haemorrhoids is treatable with just changing your diet and bowel habit to changing your lifestyle like including exercise in your daily activity, avoid straining too much when bowel, minimize sitting for too long in the toilet bowl etc. When your haemorrhoids are severe, multiple, large and very painful and uncomfortable, it is time to consult a surgeon to perform surgical removal of your hemmorhoids.

Surgical: Haemorrhoidectomy

How To Get Rid Of Hemorrhoids
This surgical procedure is performed by surgeons to remove large internal haemorrhoids, multiple hemmorhoids or when no treatment is effective to control the bleeding and the painful sensation that you suffer from. External hemmorhoids can only be removed through hemorrhoidectomy. This procedure has a long term benefit but they can be very painful and needs a long time of recovery.

Nonsurgical: Fixative procedure

How To Get Rid Of Hemorrhoids
This procedure aims to reduce the blood supply to the haemorrhoid to cause it to shrink and go away. Physicians uses heat, electric current and lasers to create a scar tissue that when left helps the anal tissue to prevent occurrence of new haemorrhoids it is also called coagulation therapy. Fixatives are only done for internal haemorrhoids.

Other treatment and soothing remedies

How To Get Rid Of Hemorrhoids
Pain relievers are could also be taken if the pain that haemorrhoid causes persist. You can buy pain relievers and other NSAIDs without prescription at your nearest pharmacies. The medicine will help you with the pain and swelling. For natural soothing remedies you can also try these:

• Ice or cold compress and warm compress – apply ice on the surrounding area several times daily or when it feels itchy and painful for about 10 minutes and then follow it with a warm compress for 10 to 20 minute. This will sooth you from pain and itchiness and also reduces swelling.

• Hot sitz – this is a very soothing remedy both for post hemorrhoid operation and for hemorrhoidal pain and swelling prior operation. Fill a tub with warm water just enough to cover your anal area. Soak several times a day or as prescribed by your physician just make sure that the water is not too hot to avoid burning.

To avoid the aggravation of pain and itchiness, you may also wear soft cotton underwear because contact with abrasive fabric can irritate swollen haemorrhoids. Avoid also spicy foods like chili because it will not be digested properly and creates a stinging sensation when it passes into your anal canal. If pain persists and there is no ice, warm compress of pain relievers around, try to take a bed rest and put a soft pillow under your hips to reduce swelling.

For those who do not have the condition, eating high-fiber foods is said to be a good way to prevent the development of haemorrhoids because it regulates your digestive system and gives you a regular bowel movement and thus avoiding constipation and diarrhea which is suspected by many to be associated with the condition.

Regularly exercise to regulate a good blood flow in your veins and prevents thrombosed external haemorrhoids. For obese people, start your diet and exercise regimen to reduce weight but this takes dedication for the benefit of your over-all health and not just by preventing haemorrhoids. When you defecate avoid sitting too long on the toilet bowl or straining too hard, if you are constipated take some laxative and if are suffering from diarrhea you can take over the counter medicines or effective home remedies.

Although haemorrhoids are not life-threatening condition, they can be very debilitating for the person who suffers from them because they can interrupt with their normal daily activities. There are few remedies for severe haemorrhoid but they do not give permanent comfort or get rid of the condition unless a surgical procedure will be performed.

If you are suffering from this uncomfortable and painful condition, you can share your thought here and what remedies do you do to ease you of the discomfort.